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Hadith 1310 from Bulughul Maram

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Translation, Commentary, Transliteration, Audio and Arabic Text....
Hadith #1310
from Bulugh Al-Maram.

Compiled by Hafiz ibn Hajar al-Asqalani


Notes from the book Subul us-Salaam by Muhammad bin Ismail As-San'aani

Transliteration:

wa 'an Mu'aadhibni Jabalin radhiyallahu ta'alaa 'anhu qaala qaala rasoolullahi sallaallahu alayhe wa salam, " Man 'ay-yara  akhaaho bi dhanbin lam yamut hat-ta ya' malah." Akh ra ja hut- Tirmidhee wa has-snah wa sanaduhu mun qa ti'.

Translation:

#1310. Narrated Mu'adh bin Jabal[a] radhiyallahu ta'alaa 'anhu, Allah's Messenger Sallallahu alayhe wa salam said, "If anyone disgraces his brother for a sin, he will not die before committing it himself."[3] [At-Tirmidhi [b] reported it saying it is a hasan[c] Hadith, but a Munqati'.[d]]

Commentary:

[3] It thus gets known to us that merely making a mention of a vice is a sinful act. It is a sin to mention a vice by attributing it to someone, but it is a double sinful act to mention it directly in front of someone in order to rake his memory deliberately to put him to shame. Hadith states that o­ne should not remind anyone of his sin as a rejoinder to his statement.

*** rejoinder - Main Entry: re·join·der
Pronunciation: ri-'join-d&r
Function: noun
Etymology: Middle English rejoiner, from Middle French rejoindre to rejoin
1 : the defendant's answer to the plaintiff's replication
2 : REPLY; specifically : an answer to a reply

Synonyms ANSWER
1, antiphon, reply, respond, response, retort, return : Source
Merriam-Webster o­nline Dictionary

[a] Muadh ibn Jabal - Mu'adh is an Ansari of Al-Khazraj tribe tribe and was o­ne of the virtuous, noble and most learned sahabah. He attended Al'Aqaba, Badr and other najor battles. The prophet sallaallahu alayhe wa salam, appointed him as his representative in Yemen. Then 'Umar appointed him as the governor of Sham after Abu 'Ubaida bin Al-Jarrah. He died in the plague of 'Amwas in 17 H. or 18 H. at the age of 38.

[b] Tirmidhi, Abu 'Iesa Muhammad Ibn 'Iesa
Abu 'Iesa Muhammad Ibn 'Iesa bin Sura At-Tirmidhi was born in 209 H. in a town called Tirmidh in Uzbekistan near the northern border of Afghanistan.
He was a student of Al-Bukhari, and compiled 4,000 Ahadith in his book called Al-Jami' which later became called Sunan At-Tirmidhi. He also contributed tremendously to the methodology of Hadith and composed a book o­n it called Al-'Ilal (the discrepancies). He was famous for his piousness and aceticism. He became blind and finally died o­n 13 Rajab 279 H.

[c] Munqati' - (disconnected) - A hadith with incomplete chain of narratorsor containing in its chain an unknown reporter

[d] Hasan (fair) - A Musnad [e] Hadith narrated by a reliable chain, but not reaching the grade of Sahih  [f] (sound) Hadith.

[e] Musnad (subjective) - (i) A hadith with a complete chain of narrators recahing the prophet salla allahu alayhe wa salam. (ii) A hadith collection in which all the narrations of a reporter are gathered together.

[f] Sahih (sound) - A Musnad Hadith with an unbroken chain of narrators, the o­nes narrated from are all reliable reporters with good memory up to the source without being shadh (odd, lesser known, unknown, rare) or Mu'allal (faulty).

** All hadith categories are found in the Glossary of Bulughul Maram under the definition for the general term Hadith.

Wallahu Alam, Wal hamdu lillah